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Rio de Janeiro Informacion

Cristo Redentor Rio de Janeiro

La ciudad de Río de Janeiro está ubicada en la costa sur-oeste de la bahía de Guanabara, de 24 kilómetros de largo y 3-16 kilómetros de ancho. Los paisajes son espectaculares, ya que la ciudad se extiende 20 kilómetros a lo largo de una angosta franja entre los morros y el mar. La combinación del mar azul oscuro, interrumpido por islas rocosas, y morros imponentes cubiertos de vegetación salvaje  que rodean la ciudad es impresionante.Los brasileños dicen que Dios hizo el mundo en 6 días y al séptimo se lo dedicó exclusivamente a Río de Janeiro.

Los morros más conocidos de la ciudad son el Pan de Azúcar, que es uno de los picos más altos de Río, y el Corcovado, que sobresale 710 metros sobre la ciudad, coronado por el gigante monumento a Cristo que pareciera que vigilara esta "Ciudad Maravillosa", nombre con el que es conocida mundialmente.

Río de Janeiro cuenta con uno de los climas más agradables de Brasil. La ciudad tiene un clima cálido la mayor parte del año;  junio julio y agosto son los meses mas fríos, con temperaturas que van desde los 22-32 grados centígrados, mientras que de Diciembre a Marzo, la temperatura varía entre los 32-42 grados centígrados, lo que permite disfrutar de sus largas y maravillosas playas.

Dos de las avenidas principales son particularmente atractivas. La avenida Río Branco, que cuenta con aproximadamente 2 kilómetros de largo, está atravesada por la arteria principal de la ciudad, la Avenida Presidente Vargas, de 4 kilómetros y medio de largo, que comienza en la costa, rodea la famosa iglesia de la Candelaria y cruza la Avenida Río Branco para pasar luego por la Estación Central de trenes. Finalmente, la avenida Presidente Vargas se incorpora a la Avenida Mangue (atravesada por un canal). La avenida Presidente Vargas está bordeada por bellos y vistosos edificios, incluyendo la Academia de Brasil, el Museo de Arte Nacional, La Biblioteca Nacional, La Cámara de Comercio Municipal y el Teatro Municipal. La calle de Ouvidor, que cruza la avenida  Río Branco, está repleta de las principales tiendas para quién gusta de realizar compras. Sin embargo, los negocios mas exclusivos se encuentran en Ipanema, Leblon, y en los principales centros comerciales de la ciudad. La avenida Beira Mar, con sus altísimas palmeras y lujosos edificios, y atravesando las playas de Botafogo y Flamengo, es una excelente opción para pasear.

La arquitectura mas refinada de la ciudad se encuentra en la Avenida Chile, algunos de las construcciones destacadas son el Banco Nacional, la nueva Catedral, y Petrobrás.

Rio de Janeiro Tours por Green Toad Bus!

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Pico Pão de Açúcar

Atracciones & Tours de Rio de Janeiro 

Highlights of Rio City

Copacabana

The Copacabana neighborhood is the most renowned in this city and the legendary beach, flanked by towering buildings, is probably the most famous beach in the world. The Copacabana Palace Hotel was the only high-rise here in the 1930s. Though one of the tiniest now, it is surely the most famous. This hotel has welcomed flocks of celebrities and tourists from every corner of the world.

There is practically everything in this "city within the city". The stores lining Copacabana Avenue and Barata Ribeiro Street, are excellent. This is also the liveliest area as far as the glamorous nightlife is concerned. A fort placed on the beach´s far end, commands the Bay access and separates Copacabana from Ipanema and Leblon beaches.

 

Ipanema and Leblon

The suburbs of the beautiful Ipanema and Leblon Beaches expand beyond Copacabana, a perfect place to see the sunset. These beaches are less crowded than Copacabana, so they tend to be cleaner.

Nowadays, the great majority of exclusive stores and fine restaurants are to be found in Leblon and Ipanema, as these areas have become the city´s center of fashion and glamour in the last couple of decades.

Niemeyer Ave. lies further down from Leblon, snaking around the cliffs and allowing for striking sea views. Sao Conrado is a small exclusive beach, nestled behind the cliffs.

 

Santa Tereza

Santa Tereza is a suburb located atop a hill close to downtown, known as Río´s bohemian area. Santa Tereza still shows several colonial-styled buildings and tree-lined picturesque streets. It is recommended to take a close look at the convent´s façade (visitors are not allowed inside), also visit the Chácara do Céu Museum and Santa Teresa Hotel, the area´s oldest house. This neighborhood is heavily visited thanks to its traditional tram which traverses the whole area.

 

The Maracaná Football Stadium

The Maracaná Stadium is one of the world´s largest sports centers. The football field is oval-shaped and has capacity for 200.000 spectators. Matches here are always good fun, even for non-followers. The stadium hosted the 1950 Football World Cup and these days it is only used for important games.

 

Corcovado

The Corcovado Hill rises 710m overlooking the city. It is crowned by a 40-m tall Christ statue, built in 1931 and weighs 1,200 tons. The view from the top is nothing but magnificent: the city, the hills and the sea. Views are sometimes impaired by fog though. The base of the statue can be accessed by driving or riding the cable car. Either way, there is a 220 steps to climb to the top. To have day and night views, it is recommendable to ascend at around 4pm and return on the last train at 6.15pm.

 

Pão de Açúcar


The Sugar Loaf mountain is a 396-m high cone-shaped granite mountain at the entrance to Guanabara Bay. The summit offers another impressive vista of the city and the beaches. A cable car ascends every 30 minutes from the foot of the hill, which stops first at Urca Hill halfway up and moves on to the Pão de Açúcar. There is a restaurant, a children´s park and night entertainment on Urca Hill.

 

Tijuca´s National Park
Tijuca´s National Park is an ideal choice for trekking fans. The 1,012-m ascend to Tijuca´s Peak takes from 2-3 hours. The bay and the ships spring into view once the summit has been reached. Open from 6am - 9pm.

Bom Retiro is the best spot for a picnic, barely 1/2 hour walk. There are some places to look at on the way up, such as the Cascatinha (Little Waterfall) Taunay, Mayrink Chapel built in 1860 and "Floresta" restaurant.

The trail ends at Bom Retiro and it takes another hour walk on a different trail from here to the summit. It is a very pleasant walk whose last section consists of steps carved out of sheer rock.

 

"Barra da Tijuca"


Barra da Tijuca is one of Rio´s major recreational areas whose main attraction is its 20-km long beach with gigantic waves for fantastic surfing. This is a more modern venue, lined by countless bars and restaurants concentrated on both ends.

There are several shopping centers like "Riocenter", a 600 000-m² Convention Center, the huge "Barra Shopping" Complex and "Carrefour" Shopping Malls.


The motorbike racing track lies beyond the Barra within Jacarepaguá District. Brazil´s Grand Prix takes place here or in Interlagos, Sao Paulo, in January.


Many wonderful beaches lay south of the Barra, such as Recreio dos Bandeirantes, small and agitated as an ocean, Prainha, also small but good for surfing and Grumari, primitive but attractive.

 

Travel Rio Beaches
Desde Pao do Açucar
Santa Teresa & Lapa en Rio de Janeiro
Vista general de Copacabana
Imagen
Pico Pao do Açucar
Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro

Rio City Museums

All museums and the Botanical Garden remain closed during the Carnival.

It is said that the National Museum on Quinta da Boa Vista is one of the most important in South America. This building served as Brazil´s Emperors´ Palace, but only the Throne Room and the Ambassadors´ Reception Area still show the glory of a by-gone era. The famous meteorite "Béndego" is on exhibit in the main hall. It was found in the State of Bahía in 1888, its original weight before a section broke off was 5,360 kg.

Besides several foreign remarkable collections, the museum hosts a great collection of weapons from Brazilian indigenous populations, items of clothing, utensils and historical documents. Birds, animals, fish and butterfly collections complete the exhibits. Open 10am - 4:30pm, except Monday.

The Museum of Fauna is also located on Quinta da Boa Vista and owns an interesting collection of Brazilian fauna. Open Tuesday to Sunday from 12m - 5pm.

The National Library on 219 Río Branco Ave, was founded in 1810. Its first book contribution came from Ajuda Palace in Lisbon and today it possesses over 2 million books and several old manuscripts. Open Monday to Friday, 9am - 8pm, Saturday 9am - 3pm.

The Fine Arts National Museum stands on 199 Río Branco Avenue. It shows nearly 800 original paintings and sculptures and some thousands of unique reproductions. It is the venue for contemporary artists´ exhibits. Open Tuesday to Friday from 12m -6pm, Saturday, Sunday and National holidays, 3pm - 6pm.

Those more interested in contemporary art may also visit the former Education Ministry, designed by Corbusier, to see the huge mural painted by Candido Portinari, whose canvas "Café" is shown in the museum.

The Municipal Theater lies across from the Art Museum. This is the venue for opera and orchestra performances, the small museum downstairs is now on R 103/105 São João Batista Street, Botafogo. Open Monday to Friday from 1pm - 5pm.

Palaço Imperial, former Royal Palace on Praça Quinze de Novembro, is a beautiful restored colonial building from 1743. It features an art gallery for temporary exhibits and occasionally free concerts.

The Modern Art Museum, another impressive construction on 85 Infante D. Henrique Ave, suffered the effects of a fire in 1978, the collection is being restored and several countries have contributed with donations of masterpieces. The place also owns a non-commercial movie theater. Open Tuesday to Sunday from 12m - 6pm.

The National History Museum, situated on Praça Rui Barbosa, contains a rather interesting collection of historical treasures, sculptures, colonial furniture, maps, paintings, weapons, armors, silver and porcelain items. The building was used once as the Empire´s War Arsenal, a section of which was built in 1762. Open Tuesday to Sunday from 10am - 5:30pm, Saturday, Sunday and national holidays from 2:30pm - 5:30pm.

The Oceanographic Naval Museum: located on 15 Manoel Street, shows a specially varied exhibit of paintings and engravings, complemented by a collection of weapons and sculptures. Open every day from 12m - 4:30pm.

           
The Image and Rhythm Museum also stands on Praça (square) Rui Barbosa, full of photography and modern paintings about Brazil, as well as an array of Brazilian classical and popular music recordings. In addition, a non-profit movie theater is available there from Friday to Sunday, 1pm - 6pm.

The Museum of the Indian is a small but concise and well-presented exhibit on 55 Das Palmeiras Street in Botafogo. Its craft shop sells items produced by many of the Brazilian indigenous communities.

Raymundo Ottoni de Castro Maia Foundation, generally known as "Chácara do Céu", sits on 93 Murtinho Nobre Street and owns a wide spectrum of masterpieces, largely paintings by modern Brazilian artists. Open Tuesday to Saturday from 2pm - 5pm; Sunday 1pm - 5 pm. Castro Maia´s former residence in Tijuca Forest carries the same name and also serves as a museum.


The Geographic-Historical Institute Museum situated on 8 Augusto Severo Ave. (10th floor), right by Beira Mar Ave, shows a valuable collection of typical items from Brazilian indigenous peoples. Open Monday to Friday from 12m - 5pm.

 
São Cristóvão Pavilion, designed by Sergio Bernardes, features the world´s largest outdoor area, devoid of columns and walls, but access is controlled. It is worth visiting the Sunday market here.


The Astronomy Museum / National Observatory founded in 1827, sits on São Januário Hill, 586 Bruce Street, São Cristóvão. Open Tuesday to Friday from 9am - 5pm, guided visits from 10am - 12m and 2pm - 4pm. An evening visit is recommended for a far better observation.

Rui Barbosa´s House on 134 Sao Clemente Street in Botafogo was the renowned Brazilian jurist and statist´s former residence. It preserves his personal library and many other valuables. Open Tuesday to Friday from 10am - 4:30pm, Saturday, Sunday and holidays: 2pm - 5pm. The great garden is open to the public.   

Itamarati Palace, former Foreign Affairs Ministry on Marechal Floriano Ave, shows a rather interesting collection of furniture, wallpapers and other art pieces. It has been renamed Diplomatic Museum.

The Museum of the Republic, in Catete Palace, was the official presidential residence for 63 years when Río served as Federal Capital. Open Tuesday to Sunday from 12m - 5pm. 

Guanabara Palace: once Princess Elizabeth´s residence_ Don Pedro II´s daughter; today is Río de Janeiro State Governor´s Office.

The Carnival Museum sits inside the Sambódromo. The main entrance is on Frei Caneca Street and open Tuesday to Sunday from 11am - 5pm.

 

Quinta da Boa Vista
Museo Contemporaneo Bellas Artes en Rio

Rio's Churches & Religious Attractions

The Convent of Terceiro, do Monte do Carmo Order on 17 Primeiro de Marco Praga, close to Praça 15 de Novembro, is one of the oldest establishments built during the early 17th century and used as a school nowadays. Its present Del Carmo Church located on Primeiro de Margo Street, next to the former cathedral, was erected during the 1770s and reconstructed in between 1797 and 1826. Mestre Valentim, the son of a Portuguese noble and a slave, designed and built the beautiful colonnades and the main altar, later silver-plated.


The second oldest convent is San Antonio´s from the 17th century, built on a hill by the Largo da Carioca between 1608 and 1615. The church features a beautiful blue-tiled sacristy. San Antonio is largely worshiped by women in search of husbands.
The crypt  holds the remains of a Scottish mercenary called "Wild Skelater de Jock". He served under Portugal´s Government during the Napoleonic Wars and was appointed First Commander in Chief of Brazil´s Army.


A row of iron bars separate the charming Church of Sao Francisco da Penitencia from the latter. Built in 1773, it shows a fantastic carved altar and bright golden walls. A painting by José de Oliveira hangs from the ceiling. There is an adjoining museum, open on the month´s first and third Sundays from 7am - 10am.


San Bento Monastery from 1641, has an access on 68 Dom Gerardo Street and shows a great deal of Brazil´s art from the 17th and 18th centuries. "O Salvador", the first Brazilian painter´s masterpiece, Frei Ricardo do Pilar, hangs in the sacristy. The church has a peculiar shape, the Immaculate Conception and Holy Sacrament Chapels are masterpieces of colonial art. The organ is also very  impressive. The monastery lies a few minutes away from Praça Mauá, turning left on Rio Branco Ave. The location also offers a clear view of the seaport and the ever going ships.


The ancient São Sebastião Cathedral on Primeiro de Margo Street, was finished between 1749 and 1770. Pedro Alvares Cabral´s remains, Brazil´s colonizer, are supposedly preserved in the crypt, although they are also claimed to be in Santarem, Portugal.


The New 1976 conic-shaped Cathedral is located on Republic of Chile Avenue, not far from the Largo da Carioca. Its interior reaches 68m in height, 104m in diameter and its exterior rises 83m. It has a 5000-seat capacity and room for other 20 000 people standing. Its most remarkable feature is the four 60m-high glass panels. It is still unfinished.


São Francisco de Paula Church, on Ouvidor Street´s upper end, goes back to the year 1759. It had some of Mestre Valentim´s contributions in two of its chapels, especially that of Our Lady of Victory. Some of the paintings and probably the ceiling´s frescoes are from Manuel da Cunha´s authorship. The lovely fountain at the back only is only on at nighttime.


Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria Church (1775-1810) rises on Praça Pio Dez, at the end of President Vargas Avenue. This one deserves a visit to admire the stunning ceiling decorations and paintings. It occupies the area of a former 17th century chapel founded by Antonio da Palma after having survived a wreck, which has been represented in the dome´s interior frescoes.


On the heavily office building-cramped Santa Luzia Street, lies the small but attractive Santa Luzia Church. It was originally built with a single tower in 1752; the second was added in the late 19th century. December 13th is its celebration day, when devotees soak their eyes in holy water, thought to be highly miraculous.


Santa Cruz dos Militares Church (1780-1811) on Primeiro de Margo Street, near the Old Cathedral, is imposing and beautiful at the same time. 

 

Nuestra Señora de la Gloria, a small church located on Gloria Hill, was the imperial family´s favorite. Don Pedro II was baptized here. As an 18th century construction, it shows some excellent samples of Brazilian blue tiling. Its main wooden altar was carved by Mestre Valentim. The church only opens from 9am - 12m on Saturday and Sunday; and from 1pm - 5pm on weekdays.

 
Nossa Senhora da Penha Church, a construction from the early 20th century on the northern section of Penha Neighborhood, sits atop a huge rock and accessed by 365 carved steps. Pilgrims ascend these steps on their knees during the October festivities. There is a cable car available for less devoted worshipers.
When Gástelo Hill was leveled and turned into build Gástelo Terrace, São Sebastião old church had to be demolished. It successor, the Capuchinos de São Sebastião Church on Haddock Lobo Street, was finished in 1936 and preserves the tomb of Sá, Río de Janeiro´s first founder and governor.

 

Cathedra
Imagen

Rio's Plazas, Parks & Monuments

The city abounds with open spaces and squares, many of which feature statues and gardens.
On Gloria and Flamengo beaches, looking out to the Sugar Bread and the Corcovado Hills, lies Parque do Flamengo, designed by Burle Marx and inaugurated in 1965 during the city´s 400th foundation anniversary. It covers a 100-ha section, snatched from the sea. A marina is located behind the War Memorial and the park also owns many sports areas and a Botanical Garden.

For children, there is a puppet theater, a miniature village and day-care center. Show stages and dancing floors contribute to night entertainment. Security is handled by the police and park´s own security staff; this is a popular recreational spot.

The Monument to WW II´s Heroes and the Modern Art Museum lie at the park´s end, across from Praça París. The monument consists of two tall pillars holding what looks like a curved board, which represents two palm trees rising into the sky. The niches contain the remains of the Brazilian soldiers killed in Italy in 1944-45. The tomb and museum are open Tuesday to Sunday from 10am - 5pm.

The Largo do Boticario is the place to go for the best image of 19th century Brazil, reflected in a small but charming colonial square on 822 Cosme Velho Street. The square lies near the station to take the train to Corcovado Hill.

The Botanical Garden founded in 1808 surely deserves a visit. It owns over 7000 plant species, an aquarium and a library. The royal palms lining the roads are an amazing sight. The garden was largely improved before the 1992 Earth Summit, including a new Orchid garden, the library´s enlargement, a bar, new cleaning systems and English-speaking personnel. Open from 8am - 5:30pm

The garden is located 8 km away from downtown on a 140-ha surface; A few buses can be taken from the city center, such as Route 104 from Leblon, São Conrado and Gávea (via Jóquei) and Bus Route 592 from Copacabana. Bird watchers should start early to be able to come across some of the 140 bird species registered in this area: yellow-chest birds, tanagers and over 20 different kinds of humming birds. Hawks, pigeons, cuckoos, parakeets, thrushes, woodpeckers and occasionally toucans make up the rest.  

Laje Park, on 414 Botanical Garden Street, is a nice spot that imitates the jungle with small caverns and an old tower. The premises host the Fine Arts Institute, open daily from 7:30am - 5:30pm.

The Quinta da Boa Vista was the Emperor´s former private park, with a zoo and a diversity of trees. The Palace hosts the National Museum.

The Zoo exhibits species of imported and Brazilian wild animals, plus an impressive bird collection (this is another popular spot for bird watching). Open Tuesday to Sunday from 8am - 6pm. The main door is a replica by Robert Adán of the door to Syon House near London. The Museum of Fauna lies near the zoo.

The City´s Park is a nice area located a short distance from Gávea´s Bus Station. The grounds used to be Guinle´s family gardens. Access to the park is free and opens Tuesday to Friday from 7:30am - 5:30pm, Saturday, Sunday and holidays from 11am - 5pm. 

Praça da República (Republic Square) and Campo de Santana make up an extensive and picturesque public garden close to the main train station. Marshall Deodoro da Fonseca, who proclaimed Brazil a republic in 1889, lived on 197 Praça da República. Julio Furtado Park in the center of the square teems with funny squirrels. The late afternoon is the best time for photos. The park also has a man-made cave with swans.

The Paseo Público (turn right at the end of Río Branco Avenue) is a garden created by the artist Mestre Valentim, whose statue stands close to the former main entrance. A numismatic and philatelic market takes place here on Sunday mornings.

Praça Quinze de Novembro (November 15th Square) holds the original Royal Palace. A market is on every Saturday from 9am - 7pm and the Antiques´ Market comes to life on Sunday along the coast.

Praça Tiradentes (Tiradentes Square) presents an statue dedicated to Dom Pedro I, Brazil´s first Emperor. The stores on the nearby streets specialized in the sale of items for the Umbanda and Macumoa, religions based on African cults related to magic.  

Praça Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhi Square), on Río Branco Avenue´s end, is flanked by a movie theater and the city´s amusement park, known as "Cinelândia". The skillfully ornamented fountain created by Mestre Valentim in 1789, was transferred here from Praça Quinze de Novembro in 1979.

Catete Park is a charming tiny park in between Catete Palace (Museum of the Republic) and Praia do Flamengo. Flocks of birds and monkeys inhabit the area.

Praça de París (Paris Square)
, built on recycled terrain near the Largo de la Gloria, stands out for the beauty of its gardens and nicely-lit fountains.

Lots of dazzling fountains dot the city. The oldest one, la Fonte da Gloria (1789), placed behind Sao Francisco de Paula Church, features 8 bronze water inlets. It is possibly the most elegant, though it has seen better days.

Monument to WW II´s Heroes
Botanical Garden

La fiesta mas grande del planeta!

El Carnaval de Rio de Janeiro es uno los espectaculos mas animados del planeta. El viernes previo al comienzo de Carnaval, el alcalde  entrega simbólicamente las llaves de la ciudad al Rey Momo, personaje considerado el dueño del carnaval, y asi dando comienzo oficial a esta espectacular fiesta que tarda 5 días.

Las calles y avenidas se llenan de luces, colores y  del pueblo carioca que danza al compás de la Samba con sus niños que corretean con disfraces de colores brillantes. Rio tiene numerosas escuelas de Samba, organizada en 5 divisiones. Las tres primeras desfilan en el Sambódromo. La mejor escuela de la división inferior desfila el jueves, mientras los ultimos detalles para el sonido y la  iluminación son sorteados. El Grupo 1, formado por 16 escuelas desfila el viernes y el sábado, seguido de las 16 escuelas del Grupo Especial, de las cuales 8 de estas por la noche. El orden de aparición está determinado por sorteo, por lo que cualquier dia es excelente.

Las 12 escuelas del Grupo 2  desfilan el Martes de Carnaval. Cada escuela tiene desde unos 3000 a 5000 participantes, divididos en 40 secciones y con más de 30 carrozas. Cada escuela cuenta con 90 minutos de desfile, y pierde puntos por tiempo que sobrepasan. Los 10 ganadores seleccionados (5 del Grupo Especial y del Grupo 1) hacen un desfile de celebración el siguiente sábado por la noche en el Sambódromo. La tercera y cuarta  division desfilan por la Av. Rio Branco (no tan espectacular, pero gratuito). 

Cada escuela elige un tema, compone una Samba, diseña los trajes y carrozas adecuados al tema. Todas las escuelas son juzgadas de acuerdo al criterio a evaluar,  las mejores son ascendidas a una división superior, y aquellas con menor puntuacion desciende de categoria, tal como funciona en una liga de fútbol. La competencia es muy intensa. Para los ganadores hay un premio monetario, financiado por la tarifa de la entrada. Es posible unirse a una escuela de Samba, pero con antelacion, por lo menos dos semanas antes del Carnaval 

El desfile de Carnaval no fue creado para una atracción turística, es la culminación de meses de trabajo intenso por grupos de la comunidad, principalmente por aquellas zonas con menos recursos. Para entender estas tradiciones, el significado de los desfile, y el carnaval como tal, deberias visitar el Museo del Carnaval en el Sambódromo, aunque pequeño, tiene a su disponibilidad un montón de fotografías y muy calificado personal bilingue. Ubicado la calle Frei Caneca, Teléfono: 293-9996; de Martes-domingo desde las 11:00 hasta las 17:00 gratis.

El Sambódromo se encuentra en la calle Marqués de Sapucaí, Cidade Nova, no muy lejos del centro. Con unos 600 metros y una capacidad para 60.000 personas. Diseñado por el arquitecto Oscar Niemeyer, que no sólo  aloja eventos deportivos, conferencias y conciertos durante el resto del año, sino que también alberga un Centro de Educación Pública que en la actualidad enseña alrededor de unos 5000 niños.

Los desfiles en el Sambódromo comienzan a las 19:00 hrs y tardan alrededor de 12 horas. Las puertas (que no están claramente identificadas) abren a las 18:00 hrs. Los distintos tipos de asientos son: no numerados (asientos de tribunas o gradas) y numerados (Palcos y Camarotes).

Los mejores palcos, que están reservados para los turistas y personalidades famosas, tienen un costo de  aproximadamente USD 1000. Los asientos están más cercanos a la pasarela del desfile, pero tendras que llegar mas temprano del acto para apartar los mejores lugares. Los asientos  reservados para los turistas tienen  mejor vista, los sectores 4, 7 y 11 son los preferidos y los  6 y 13 son los menos preferidos, ya que están al final, donde los bailarines ya pueden estar mas cansados, pero tienen más espacio. Las terrazas, aunque incómodas, albergan a los más fervientes admiradores, muy amontonados, pero es donde se disfruta mas del ambiente local (aunque hay demasiada gente como para poder tomar fotografías).

Las Entradas (máximo 4) se venden a través de Banco do Brasil o del Banco Meridional, en la mayoría de las grandes ciudades, y comienzan en unos USD 30, también se venden en las boleterías del Estadio Maracaná, pero no durante el fin de semana de Carnaval. De todos modos hay revendedores en las afueras del sambodromo que vender al doble del precio. Los boletos para turistas empiezan en los USD 100 y están disponibles en las agencias de viajes.

Los taxis al Sambódromo son negociables (alrededor de USD 10) y puedes encontrarlo al teminar cada show en las  puertas; el metro más cercano es Praça XI: donde podras disfrutar de un agradable paseo en compañía de distintos miembros de las escuelas de Samba ataviados con sus disfraces. Las principales rutas de autobús y de metro funcionan toda la noche durante el carnaval (de manera irregular).

La mayoría de las escuelas de Samba aceptan integrantes extranjeros: te será cobrado el doble del precio por el traje (a partir de USD 100); este dinero contribuye a financiar a un miembro más pobre de la escuela. Sin embargo, deberias estar en Río por lo menos 2 semanas antes de Carnaval. Si hablas portugués puedes hablar directamente a las escuelas, o puedes ser presentado por alguien del hotel o algún guía de turismo, etc.

Es muy importante ser puntual en los ensayos, mostrar respeto por tus líderes de sección, y entrar en el espíritu competitivo del evento. Para aquellos que tienen la energía y la dedicación, va a ser una experiencia inolvidable. El "area de concentración" en la entrada del Sambódromo, donde las escuelas se concentran antes de desfilar, es un punto excelente para ver los "caóticos" preparativos de la noche; las personas sin medios para comprar una entrada se acerca hasta aquí para verlos: Avenida Presidente Vargas.

Todas las escuelas muestran un anticipo de su desfile en su propio barrio, usualmente una semana antes de carnaval. Vale la pena ver esto, el costo de la entrada es de aproximadamente USD 1, se pueden sacar fotos, pero no es recomendable llevar objetos de valor.

La semana de carnaval ofrece una enorme gama de concursos y eventos oficiales, así como no oficiales. Las exposiciones y concursos llegan al climax el día martes, con una amplia programacion para aquellos que buscan entretenimiento, pero que no desean "jugar" el Carnaval. Las elegantes fiestas de Río van desde las más sofisticadas hasta las más simple.

La mayoría de los clubes y hoteles organizan al menos un evento. El hotel Copacabana Palace ofrece una fiesta sofisticada, cara (aproximadamente USD 250) y muy bien dirigida.

Dos de los bailes más famosos son: El baile de rojo y negro (viernes) y el baile Gay (martes). Los precios varían desde  USD 15 por persona entre USD 100 por mesa, y USD 750 dólares por un palco privado. Seria bueno que te asesores en la oficina de turismo, ya que tiene una lista completa de bailes y eventos para esta fecha.

Los hoteles caros ofrecen desayunos, todos son buenos: El Cesar Park (Ipanema) el mas recomendado, incluye excelente comida en la azotea, con una vista del amanecer playero. A los visitantes que desean disfrutar del Carnaval se les aconseja vivamente reservar su alojamiento con suficiente antelación.

En caso que no puedas vivir el Carnaval, los ensayos se llevan a cabo en varios lugares a partir de noviembre, por ejemplo, los sabados por las tardes la escuela Portela en la calle Arruda Cámara, Madureira. Beija Flor, una de las mejores escuelas de Samba,  los lunes por las noches en Urca.

Entre otros Festivales menos agitados que el Carnaval, pero mas pintorescos es el festival "Oi lemanjá" realizado en la noche de ano nuevo, cuando el pueblo practicante de los cultos Áfricanos se reúnen en las playas de Copacabana, Ipanema y Leblon, cantando y bailando alrededor del fuego y haciendo ofrendas. En la playa de Copacabana, a la medianoche, hay un show de fuegos artificiales, por lo que la multitud tiende a concentrarse allí, en frente a los hoteles Copacabana Palace y Meridien. Tambien a medianoche se lanzan pequenos  barcos  como sacrificios a lemanjá.

El festival de San Sebastián, Santo patron de Río, se celebra mediante una procesión durante la noche del 20 de enero, desde la iglesia de los Capuchinhos de Tijuca  hasta la catedral de São Sebastião. Esa misma noche se realiza un festival en el monumento de Caboclo, en Santa Teresa.

 

Carnaval de Rio
Desfiles de Samba en Sambodromo
Carrozas, desfiles y bailarinas Sambodromo
Turistas viviendo la fiesta mas grande del planeta
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Trajes de carnaval
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