Latin America Travel & Tour Information
Amazon Travel Information
The Amazonas State is the largest Brazilian state and treasures within its boundaries one of the world's most diverse spectrum of plants, animals, rivers and minerals. It covers a 1.5 million-km² surface, which equates to 18% of Brazil's territory.
In the Amazon an equatorial climate dominates the region, characterized by an average annual temperature of 24°- 26° C along with abundant rain throughout the year. The 'Pico da Neblina' rises to the northern section of the state as the highest point in the whole of the country. It is situated near the border with Venezuela, permanently surrounded by misty clouds. Several species of plants thrive in this area: edible, medicinal, dye and oil-producing, many of which haven't been properly put to use. Hardwoods are also commonplace and in some spots the vegetation is so dense that it shields 95% of the sunlight, making these areas into a dark and wet jungle. 'Guaraná' production is important in this region, out of which comes a popular drink in Brazil and other parts of the world. The local fauna is rather diverse, largely made up of wild cats, birds and rodents.
Situated in the Amazon Basin is half the longest rivers in the planet, which makes up a fifth of the world's fresh water reserves. The fluvial network is practically the only source of transportation in the area. The Amazon River, the longest on earth, is in some sections 10 km wide and 100m deep.
The State of Amazonas has' numerous protected areas: Pico da Neblina National Park, Janauary Ecological Park, Jaú National Park (the largets wood reserve on the continent), and the Anavilhanas Zone, the world's largest fluvial archipelago.
This is one of the ideal spots for ecological tourism. Guided tours and accommodation facilities are available in the jungle, some of them built to float on the river shore.