Latin America Travel & Tour Information
Brazil Travel Information
Brazil is the world´s fifth largest country and the sixth in line as far as population is concerned. It covers an area as big as that of the US and accounts for almost half of South America. The visitor to Brazil will find idyllic beaches, dense forests, a warm tropical climate, large metropolis, vast flatlands and the people´s contagious lust for life. Purchase your Brazil Bus Tickets.
Brazil is also renowned for its carnival, an annual celebration taking place 40 days before Easter when the entire country feasts on the streets, dancing to the vibrating Samba. The chief celebrations are held in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, where the Samba schools and the people in general invade entire neighborhoods. The different Samba Schools train throughout the year focused on a single goal: the Carnival´s Parade at the Sambadrone, an exciting and colorful competition.
Brazil´s cuisine has been permeated by numerous European, Indigenous and African influences. The dishes can vary greatly according to the different regions, which feature their own specialties that are sometimes unknown in other areas. All in all, Brazilian cuisine is the result of a mixture of several ingredients from all over the globe. São Paulo has international neighborhoods offering the most exquisite Italian, Portuguese, Thai, Brazilian and above all, Japanese food. The latter reflects the existence of the largest Japanese community outside Japan.
Brazil deploys a rich spectrum of landscapes throughout its territory, which can be classified into 5 natural regions: Central-West, North-East, North, South-East and the Southern Region.
The Regions of Brazil
This region is home to the majority of the nation´s population, a fact owing to the two largest and most important cities which are located here: São Paulo and Río de Janeiro.
Río de Janeiro lies within the borders of the namesake state and its inhabitants are affectionately called "Cariocas". Rio, also known as "The Marvelous City", treasures remarkable natural beauties. Located on the Atlantic coast, it has been blessed with famous beaches like Ipanema, Copabana, Barra de Tijuca y Leblon.
Another popular destination is Parati, acknowledged to be the most complete monument-city of the Brazilian colonial era. Its cobbled streets and ancient buildings intermingle in a marvelous and picturesque atmosphere. The city lies by the seashore, by the bay that takes its name and while you are in the area take a transfer to Ilha Grande.
São Paulo is to be found to the south of Río de Janeiro, and is no doubt one of the biggest and most impressive cities in the world and the country´s financial center. The influx of immigrants has created an incomparable cultural wealth. There is plenty to do here, both during the day and at nighttime, complemented by the richest food variety on the planet.
The State of Minas Gerais is also a part of this region, known for its lush vegetation and contrasting relief. Minas has historically stood out for its booming culture, music, architecture, literature and fine arts. Here is where man built one of the most beautiful cities in the world: Ouro Preto. The place takes its name from the high-quality black gold found in this area. It has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, as it preserves one of the most complete baroque architectonic complexes on the globe.
Last but not least, the city of Belo Horizonte, the State´s capital, founded to replace Ouro Preto as the main city. It is characterized by being one of Brazil´s most planned settlement.
This region is formed by the states of Parana, Santa Catarina and Río Grande do Sul. The area is famous for its beaches, vast flatlands and the renowned Iguazú Waterfalls.
Within the State of Parana, its capital Curitiba is considered Brazil´s most ecological city, for it is dotted with countless green areas and shows many an innovative urban solution. The transportation system is world-known and has served as a model for other cities to copy. The city of Foz de Iguaçu is also located in this state and boasts the Iguazú Waterfalls, four times wider than the Niagara Falls in the US covering sections of the border shared by Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.
The State of Santa Catarina features Florianopolis, an island amid the Atlantic Ocean connected by a gigantic bridge to the mainland. There are 42 beaches on this island with plenty of attractions for all tastes. It is impossible not to go to the beautiful island of Campeche, while in Florianopolis.
Rio Grande do Sul is the southernmost state in the country and holds the most important city of the south: Porto Alegre, where the inhabitants are called "Gauchos", in reference to the riders that roam the extensive southern Brazilian flatlands.
Brazil´s northern end hosts the lowest population density of all the regions, barely 2.92 inhabitants/ km². This region embraces the largest Brazilian state: Amazonas, named after the longest and widest river on earth. Half of the 20 longest rivers on the planet are concentrated in this area, which accounts for a fifth of the world´s fresh water reserves. These rivers constitute the sole communication network of the region.
Manaus serves as the capital of the Amazonas, once the most opulent and outstanding cultural metropolis in Northern Brazil. It was given the name "Paris of the Tropics" due to the prosperity created by the gum industry. The architecture of its mansions bears witness to that golden age.
Belém is the capital of the State of Pará, surrounded by 55 wild and largely uninhabited islets. This is the gateway to Northern Brazil, sitting at the mouth of the Amazon River. Its historical heritage constitutes the place´s chief attraction.
The State of Amapá treasures a wealth of flora and fauna. Macapá, nestled in the Amazonia, is the capital of the state and a migratory bird passage that together with the flamingoes, toucans, sea turtles and caimans constitute the best examples of the local fauna.
This region covers a large section of the coastline area, dotted with beautiful beaches, golden dunes and crystal-clear waters. The State of Maranhão rises to prominence here, endowed with a beach-ridden coastline and a valuable historical heritage, where the colonial and imperial past still beats at its strongest in Brazil. Plunging deeper into the state, you find the so-called Lençóis Maranhenses where the landscape consists of a chain of dunes, alternated with fresh water lagoons formed during the rainy season of the early months.
Fortaleza, within the State of Ceará, owns one of the most important and best-provided hotel networks in the northeast. A warm climate welcomes the visitor as they explore the regions highlights. Canoa Quebrada lies to the east of Fortaleza, accessible via the town of Aracati. This small fishing village has become a popular tourist destination due to its beaches and vibrant nightlife.
The town of Natal in the State of Río Grande do Norte is known as the Capital of the sun, the gateway to some of the nicest Brazilian beaches. Founded in 1599, the city preserves its old town feel, a legacy of its colonial past. Caressed by the waters of the Potengi River and the Atlantic Ocean, it served as a strategic port for French, Portuguese and Dutch immigration to Brazil. Playa Pipa lies 80 km away from Natal, an endless strip of white sands and blue waters, set in dazzlingly wild surroundings.
The cultural and historical legacy of Porto Seguro in the State of Bahia has come to be declared a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its more than 90 km of beautiful beaches and the museums explore the origins of Brazil.
Salvador de Bahía, capital of the namesake state, was the country´s first main city and door to the eastern trading routes. All this contributed to the emergence of a mixed population that at the same time gave birth to a rich popular culture, mixing African and Eastern elements. The city also treasures paradisiacal beaches and a valuable historical heritage. Just down the road lies the beautiful beaches of Itacare.
You can discover Brazil's north-east with Cruz the Coast!
A region sitting on a vast plateau and whose relief is characterized by the existence of ancient terrain flattened by erosion, which gave birth to ta great treeless flatlands. The Depression of the Pantanal, the planet´s largest wetland, lies to the western sector of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and the southeastern portion of the State of Mato Grosso. The Pantanal covers a 200.000 km² surface and its borders penetrate Paraguay and Bolivia. This is possibly the world´s richest ecosystem in terms of flora and fauna biodiversity. Bonito, a unique and exotic reserve, is located on the Pantanal´s southern border. Bonito´s natural wonders include caverns with deep blue holes, incredibly crystalline rivers that constitute natural aquariums, hundreds of waterfalls and a lot more.